Wellness Education and Management Nr. 1 (1), 2013
Price – 30 EUR (click here for purchase information).
Product code - 10014.
Remark: articles can be purchased separately. For more information, look at the article description.
BODY APPEARANCE PERCEPTION IN RELATION TO SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC STATUS AMONG STUDENTS
JURGITA ANDRUŠKIENĖ, INGA IŽDONAITĖ-MEDŽIŪNIENĖ, DANUTĖ ADOMAVIČIENĖ, VILJARAS REIGAS
DIMENSIONS, MEASURES AND INDICATORS OF INTERNATIONALIZATION ASSESSMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION
THE ASSESSMENT OF APPROACH ON PUBLIC HEALTH SAFETY OF PUBLIC HEALTH CONTROL SPECIALISTS AND BEAUTY THERAPISTS
VILJARAS REIGAS, KAROLINA GUDAUSKAITĖ
BODY APPEARANCE PERCEPTION IN RELATION TO SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC STATUS AMONG STUDENTS, JURGITA ANDRUŠKIENĖ, INGA IŽDONAITĖ-MEDŽIŪNIENĖ, DANUTĖ ADOMAVIČIENĖ, VILJARAS REIGAS, (p. 5 – 10)
Keywords: body appearance perception, socio-demographic status, students.
Price – 15 EUR (click here for purchase information).
Product code - 10015.
Background and purpose. There is lack of knowledge in the field of students’ body appearance perception; nevertheless the period of studying is important for body image development. Therefore, such research questions are raised: How do students perceive their body appearance? Does the perception of the body appearance differ according to their age, gender, years and forms of studying, employment and family status? What are the differences in relation to positive versus negative perception and sociodemographic status? The purpose of this study is to evaluate body appearance perception among health sciences students and to assess body appearance differences, according sociodemographic status variables.
Methodology. The study sample consisted of the 200 persons studying at KSC and 200 KU students. All the participants were examined by self-administered general data questionnaire, and Adolescents and Adults Body-Esteem Scale, which measures body appearance perception. The Internal consistency of the domains was assessed using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient.
Findings/results. From 5.0 to 10.5% of the sample were absolutely satisfied with their body appearance. Almost one third of the investigated students’ group felt worried about the way they looked (30.3%) and the other third wished to look better (30.7%). Students, younger than 22 years, more often, as compared to older ones, were satisfied with their appearance, respectively 6.1% vs. 3.2%, p<0.05. The difference in relation between negative body appearance and socio-demographic variables was established with respect to the year of studying, p<0.05.
Research limitations/implications. The authors highlight several limitations of the research. First, there is no possibility at present to compare the results in a Lithuanian setting, since this article presents the first data gathered in Lithuania about the students’ body image. Second, the majority of research participants were females as they form the majority of students in health studies. The implication of this research is to develop body image research in adolescents and create scientific evidence-based background for adequate body image perception.
Conclusions. Only a small part of the students was absolutely satisfied with the body appearance. Others felt upset about the appearance, felt depressed when weighing themselves, and even were worried how they look and would change a lot in their appearance, because they wished to look better. The perception of the body appearance in a positive and in a negative context differed in respect to age. The statistically significant differences were established between upsetting look and years of studying (p<0.05) as well.
DIMENSIONS, MEASURES AND INDICATORS OF INTERNATIONALIZATION ASSESSMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION, INGA IŽDONAITĖ-MEDŽIŪNIENĖ, (p. 11-17)
Keywords: internationalization, dimensions, measures and indicators of internationalization, higher educational institution.
Price – 15 EUR (click here for purchase information).
Product code - 10016.
Background and purpose. Several authors like U. Teichler (2004) mention a growing emphasis on marketization, competition and management in higher education. This enhances the significance of the education market as an international institution, but also contributes to changing the structure of that market. As a result, a worldwide competition increases. The main topics of most research on internationalization in higher education reach from mobility, mutual influence of higher education systems, and internationalization of the substance of teaching and learning to institutional strategies, knowledge transfer, cooperation and competition, and national and supranational policies (Kehm, Teichler, 2007). It is really important for higher educational institutions to have the same understanding of the term of internationalization and of assessment dimensions, measures and indicators that institutions may use as they are accredited; therefore, a more detailed explanation about the dimensions, measures and indicators of internationalization of higher educational institutions is essential and so proposes the purpose of the article.
Methodology. The paper is a literature review. Scientific literature analysis is used as a research method.
Findings/results. The articles focuses that the model of competition in higher education can be implemented and can have positive impact on internationalization via cooperation. Dimensions, measures and indicators used to evaluate internationalization of a higher educational institution are revealed in the article.
Research limitations/implications. The literature review about dimensions, measures and indicators of internationalization in higher education is followed by conclusions emphasizing a certain amount of continuity, and broadening the field with necessary ambitious studies in this area.
Conclusion. The literature review and the best practices have proved that in order to compete in a global international market and declare a high level of internationalization, higher educational institutions have to cooperate and share not only academia, but information as well. The model of competition in higher education can be implemented and can have positive impact on internationalization via cooperation. The assessment of internationalization of higher educational institutions is a process during which management and administrative, academic research / activities, and teaching and studies dimensions are evaluated using certain measures and detailed indicators.
THE ASSESSMENT OF APPROACH ON PUBLIC HEALTH SAFETY OF PUBLIC HEALTH CONTROL SPECIALISTS AND BEAUTY THERAPISTS, VILJARAS REIGAS, KAROLINA GUDAUSKAITĖ, (p. 18-21)
Keywords: beauty service, public health safety, public health safety control.
Price – 15 EUR (click here for purchase information).
Product code - 10017.
Background and purpose. Attention to hygiene and infection control has always been important in delivery of beauty therapy treatments and is an integral part of the National Occupational Standards, which form the basis for beauty therapy qualifications. The ever changing range of treatments means this needs to be kept under review for the protection of clients and therapists alike. The growth of intimate waxing, provision of complementary snacks as well as drinks, new viruses, antibiotic resistant bacteria – all present new considerations for preventing cross-infection (Habia, 2006). A well designed salon can go a long way towards making infection control simple and the following guidelines should be followed: walls and floors should be capable of being cleaned easily and solid flooring rather than carpets is advisable, worktops should have a hard impervious surface such as laminate or stainless stele, chairs etc. should have a cleanable impervious surface such as vinys, washing facilities with hot and cold water are essential to enable the therapist to wash hands between each client and these facilities should be as close as possible to the working area, ideally taps should be infrared, elbow or foot controlled and disposable paper towels should be used rather than fabric towels, toilet facilities should be suitable for use by anyone in the salon and should be kept clean and etc.
Methodology. Methodological triangulation (Žydžiūnaitė, 2007), during which qualitative and quantitative data was combined, was selected for the research. The number of investigated subjects was highlighted in the quantitative research. According to annual control list data of 2013 provided by Klaipeda Public Health Centre, cosmetic services were provided by 48 cosmetic salons in Klaipeda. Selection of respondents was based on the following criteria: they have beauty therapist – cosmetologist training, they voluntary agreed to participate in the research. Qualitative research provides digital information, reflecting the context of the research and the issues raised by the research. Data was analysed using statistical SPSS 16.0v program. Opinion of respondents was provided on the response rate. The method of qualitative content analysis was used for qualitative data analysis of the research.
Findings/results. There is an assumption, according to the interview data of beauty service providers and public health safety control specialists that both beauty service providers and public health safety control specialists agree that there is the need to comply with provisions on public health safety. However not all beauty service providers are able to analyse all the statutory provisions regulating health services. It was established that beauty therapists, who are against repetitive beauty service safety health inspections, believe that it is difficult to get a permit – hygiene passport – for their activities. Furthermore, according to public health safety control specialists, in the past few years the requirements for beauty service providers have been becoming more and more liberal.
Conclusions. The most frequent infringements that beauty service providers make are as follows: employees work without mandatory hygiene skills and first aid training; activities are carried without hygiene passport, allowing to carry certain activity; used chemicals do not comply with the statutory requirements. Unscheduled public safety control is supported by 77,1% of all beauty service providers, 45,7% of all beauty service providers agree that unscheduled public safety control has to be carried out randomly after the periodic beauty salon inspection. Public health safety control specialists welcome changes in the public health control area over the past 5 years, as these changes improved activities of beauty service providers.