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CONTENTS, 2016, No. 2 (23)

ARTŪRAS JANAUSKAS

JAUNŲJŲ SPORTININKŲ ASMENINĖS IR SOCIALINĖS KOMPETENCIJOS UGDYMO PROGRAMOS TEORINIS PAGRINDIMAS

THEORETICAL SUBSTANTIATION OF PERSONAL AND SOCIAL COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM FOR YOUNG ATHLETES

5 psl.

DALIUS JUODSNUKIS

LIETUVOS JAUNŲJŲ FUTBOLININKŲ SUVOKTOS SOCIALINĖS ATSAKOMYBĖS ANALIZĖ

ANLYSIS OF PERCEIVED SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AMONG YOUNG LITHUANIAN FOOTBALL PLAYERS

13 psl.

ROMUALDAS MALINAUSKAS

JAUNŲJŲ KREPŠININKŲ KOLEKTYVINIS SAVAVEIKSMIŠKUMAS

COLLECTIVE EFFICACY OF YOUNG BASKETBALL PLAYERS

19 psl.

INGA IŽDONAITĖ-MEDŽIŪNIENĖ, VITALIJA BUMBLYTĖ

SPORTO CENTRO KLIENTŲ PASITENKINIMAS SVEIKATINGUMO PASLAUGOMIS TENKINANT JŲ POREIKIUS LYTIES ASPEKTU

SPORT CENTER CLIENT SATISFACTION OF WELLNESS SERVICES MEETING CLIENT NEEDS: ASPECT OF GENDER

25 psl.

REMIGIJUS KINDERIS, INGA IŽDONAITĖ-MEDŽIŪNIENĖ

MODELLING OF TOURISM BUSINESS SYSTEM SEEKING AN INTEGRATIVE MODEL

TURIZMO VERSLO SISTEMOS MODELIAVIMAS SIEKIANT INTEGRUOTO TURIZMO SISTEMOS MODELIO

31 psl.

KRISTINA SAMAŠONOK, ALA PETRULYTĖ, GIEDRĖ STAŠKIENĖ

PERSONALITY TRAITS OF STUDENTS, CREATIVITY AND PERCEIVED VOCATIONAL FUTURE SUCCESS

STUDENTŲ ASMENYBĖS BRUOŽAI, KŪRYBIŠKUMAS IR SUVOKIAMAS PROFESINĖS ATEITIES SĖKMINGUMAS

41 psl.

KRISTINA SAMAŠONOK

PIRMOSIOS PAKOPOS TURIZMO SRITIES STUDIJŲ PROGRAMOS STUDENTŲ STUDIJŲ PASIRINKIMO MOTYVAI: ASMENINIŲ YPATUMŲ IR DARBO GALIMYBIŲ TURIZMO SRITYJE SĄSAJOS

STUDENTS' MOTIVATION FACTORS FOR CHOOSING THE FIRST CYCLE STUDY PROGRAMME IN THE FIELD OF TOURISM: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS AND JOB OPPORTUNITIES IN TOURISM SECTOR

53 psl.

 

 

THEORETICAL SUBSTANTIATION OF PERSONAL AND SOCIAL COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM FOR YOUNG ATHLETES

ARTŪRAS JANAUSKAS

The aim of this study: with reference to the sport-based development programs, to theoretically substantiate the personal and social competence development model for young athletes.

Research methods: literature review and generalization methods to theoretically substantiate the sport-based personal and social competence development program for young athletes.

Personal competence at work is regarded as a combination of knowledge, skills and attitudes, which are necessary for personal fulfillment. The development of personal competence in sports is essential for young athletes to be able to positively estimate their personal qualities, demonstrate higher level of self-confidence during the game, and be able to concentrate on set goals, handle stress not only during the game, but also in real life situations. Analyzing the social competence, which is also a highly important element of sports education, attention is focused on the following areas of social functioning: development of personal relationships, interaction, and communication in a broader context (collaboration in solving problems, creatively applying the social skills in different activities). The social competence within sports is equated with different social abilities and social or life skills, which positively affect personal development.  

The conducted literature review has shown a relationship between personal and social competence in the field of science of education. Development of such skills is an integral part of the sport education process, which teaches to positively assess own personal qualities, manage stress during a game, pursue set goals, integrity, responsibility, recognize and control emotions, take care of others, make the right decisions, behave ethically and responsibly, develop positive relationships, and avoid negative behavior.  These basic qualities should be developed for the youth to be successful not only in different areas of life, but sport as well. The field of sports is an ideal environment allowing to enhance the personal and social competence development.

The personal and social competence development program based on theoretical principles of the integral model of personal and social competence development and the sport-based life skills development model could become an effective instrument in training young athletes.

 

ANALYSIS OF PERCEIVED SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AMONG YOUNG LITHUANIAN FOOTBALL PLAYERS

DALIUS JUODSNUKIS

The paper examines peculiarities of perceived social responsibility among young Lithuanian football players (cadets and juniors). There are presented components of perceived social responsibility among young Lithuanian football players and indicator of general perceived social responsibility is presented too.

The object of research – peculiarities of perceived social responsibility among young Lithuanian football players (cadets and juniors). The aim of research is to analyze perceived social responsibility among young Lithuanian football players (cadets and juniors).

Objectives of the study: (1) to compare components of perceived social responsibility among cadets and juniors. (2) to reveal general perceived social responsibility of cadets and juniors. The method of research: the questionnaire was used to determine perceived social responsibility among young Lithuanian football players. Results of the study. By comparing mean scores of components of perceived social responsibility among cadets and juniors it was found that juniors reported higher mean values for all components of perceived social responsibility. Statistically significant differences (p<0.05) were identified in accordance with the "positive attitude to the importance of social responsibility", „positive attitude to public activity“, „positive attitude towards sports activities“, „positive attitude to moral self-consciousness". With respect to other perceived social responsibility components, statistically significant differences were not found. The evaluation of level of general perceived social responsibility among cadets and juniors has been revealed that the level of perceived social responsibility of juniors is higher than cadets. This confirms a statistically significant difference (p < 0.01).

 

COLLECTIVE EFFICACY OF YOUNG BASKETBALL PLAYERS

ROMUALDAS MALINAUSKAS

Introduction. There is a lack of publications which analyse collective efficacy of young basketball players. The main purpose of the present study is to reveal peculiarities of collective efficacy among young basketball players.

Methods. The research was carried out during 2015/2016 years. The independent random sample consisted of 37 (15 – 16 years old) basketball players and 59 (17 – 18 years old) basketball players (cadets and juniors). Two-tier selection was applied. First of all 6 Kaunas and Vilnius basketball schools were randomly selected from Kaunas and Vilnius basketball schools list using random tables, and then were tested all the basketball players cadets (15-16 years old) and juniors (17-18 years old) in these selected schools.

Players’ collective efficacy (CE) was measured using the Collective Efficacy Questionnaire for Sports (CEQS). The CEQS is a 20-item scale with five subscales including each four items: CE-Ability, CE-Team unity, CE-Effort, CE-Persistence, and CE-Preparation. It was also calculated the generalized collective efficacy index, consisting of the sum of all components (all subscales indicators) and dividing them by the number of components.

Results. The analysis of the components of collective efficacy has identified such indicators means in respect with the collective efficacy component "Abilities”: in 15 – 16 years old basketball players – 6.20 ± 0.89 points, while in 17 – 18 years old basketball players – 7.05 ± 0.93 points. In respect with the collective efficacy component "Preparation" the following indicators means were identified: in 15 – 16 years old basketball players – 6.75 ± 1.11 points, while in 17 – 18 years old players – 7.3 ± 0.88 points. The trust in collective efficacy component "Team unity" was higher (p < 0.05) in juniors (17-18 years old) than in cadets (15-16 years old). No statistically significant differences (p > 0.05) were observed according components of collective efficacy „Effort“ and „Persistence“ in basketball players cadets (15-16 years old) and juniors (17-18 years old).

Conclusions. It was found that for 17 – 18 years old basketball players are more characteristic these components of collective efficacy: “Abilities”, "Preparation", "Team unity", than those for 15 – 16 years old players. 17 – 18 years old basketball players have higher level of generalized collective efficacy than 15 – 16 years old players (p < 0.01).

 

SPORT CENTER CLIENT SATISFACTION OF WELLNESS SERVICES MEETING CLIENT NEEDS: ASPECT OF GENDER

INGA IŽDONAITĖ-MEDŽIŪNIENĖ, VITALIJA BUMBLYTĖ

The research focuses on the client satisfaction meeting their needs in a certain sport center. 

The research data shows that males and females experience a high level of client satisfaction towards sprt center services. It is important to males to gain weight and strengthen their bodies, while females looks for the services to loose their weight and also they would like to strengthen their bodies as males do. Males ar less satisfied with old equipment, showers in the sport center, and item storage places. The satisfaction with the services of females was evaluated very high; however, they agree with males‘ opinion about equipment, showers in the sport center, and item storage places.

 

MODELLING OF TOURISM BUSINESS SYSTEM SEEKING AN INTEGRATIVE MODEL

REMIGIJUS KINDERIS, INGA IŽDONAITĖ-MEDŽIŪNIENĖ

The article analizes the scientific literature, which is the basis for highlighting the content and elements of the integrative tourism system model. The article presents an original and detailed integrative model of tourism business system. The results of the research state that the main elements of the intgrative tourism business system model are the main tourism industry services, maintaining tourism industry services, direct and indirect competitors, tourists, mediators, business buyers and resource providers.

 

PERSONALITY TRAITS OF STUDENTS, CREATIVITY AND PERCEIVED VOCATIONAL FUTURE SUCCESS

KRISTINA SAMAŠONOK, ALA PETRULYTĖ, GIEDRĖ STAŠKIENĖ

Personality traits are the strongest predictors of creative achievements. Research objective: to investigate the distinctive features of creativity and personality traits of Lithuanian higher school students and identify their interfaces as well as to evaluate their expression of different vocational future aspirations. Comparative analysis of the estimates of components of students’ creativity and personality traits was carried out using a table of values from Student's t criteria.  The analysis of estimates of the interfaces between the components of students’ creativity and personality traits is provided when using the Pearson correlation coefficient. Research methodologies: NEO FFI questionnaire (NEO Five Factor Inventory, Costa, McCrae, 1992) was used to identify the student's personality traits delineated by these scales: extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness. The student's creativity was explored using the Personality creativity questionnaire (Петрулис, 1988) and following these sub-scales of creativity: intuition, fantasy, prone to creativity and innovation, flexibility, originality, criticism, inversion and childishness. Research results will have an enduring value in discussions on the interface between the student's personality traits and the expression of components of perceived creativity, their practical significance for higher schools in developing the learner's creativity and improving the quality of studies.

 

STUDENTS' MOTIVATION FACTORS FOR CHOOSING THE FIRST CYCLE STUDY PROGRAMME IN THE FIELD OF TOURISM: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS AND JOB OPPORTUNITIES IN TOURISM SECTOR

KRISTINA SAMAŠONOK

In the context of economic, social and cultural changes, educational and technological progress and the ever-changing priorities of education as well as the increased international cooperation and mobility the knowledge and education becomes a powerful tool for educational opportunities. A considerable number of researchers emphasize the fact that study choices are related to students' favourite subjects and their personal interests as well as striving for a favourable environment that helps implement their goals and ambitions and match them with the existing opportunities determined by the social environment. However, considering the research results it should be noted that part of young people who finished secondary education and randomly chose their studies do not have the set goals and, consequently their choices lack rational motivation and consideration. However, there is no concurring opinion regarding study choices.  On that account, when analysing the motives for study choices it is of utmost importance to understand their complexity and evaluate their distinctive features and the meaning. It is important to find out which motives regarding study choices are prevalent in students who finished secondary education. Are study choices determined by random circumstances or it is a result of an independent, purposeful and mature choice?  What is the relationship between the motives for study choices and personality traits and the evaluation of the study process and one's own professional activity? When evaluating the relevance of the theme, the research question was raised: what are the motives for study choices of the First Cycle students of the Field of Tourism? The quantitative research was carried out in order to answer the following questions: what are the research participants' motives related to their personality traits that affect the choice of the Tourism Field of Study programme? What are employment opportunities related to the Tourism sector? The survey results showed that the First Cycle students of the Tourism Field of Study programme considered their personal choices as key motives for choosing their studies; part of students selected studies considering their own personal interests and hobbies.  However, it should be noted that randomly chosen studies that were influenced by students' uncertainty about study choices was considered as key motive for choosing Tourism studies. The research results showed that the highest average scores were obtained when evaluating employment opportunities in the Tourism sector.  The main motive for study choices is considered the acquired work experience and an optimistic attitude towards finding a job after the completion of studies. After performing the statistical data analysis, the correlation of certain parameters of motives for choosing the Tourism Field of Study programme and personality traits was identified; this signifies the compatibility between statistical tendency, whether of higher or lower probability, and the change of variables. 

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