Get Adobe Flash player

CONTENTS, 2018, No. 1 (26)

REMIGIJUS KINDERIS, HELEN SOOVÄLI-SEPPING, INESE LŪSĒNA-EZERA

IDENTIFICATION OF THE ASYMMETRY OF COMPETENCES OF SPECIALISTS WORKING IN THE FIELDS OF CULTURAL TOURISM: STUDY REPORT

KULTŪRINIO TURIZMO SRITIES DARBUOTOJŲ KOMPETENCIJŲ ASIMETRIJOS NUSTATYMAS: TYRIMO ATASKAITA

 

5-13 psl.

 

KRISTINA SAMAŠONOK, RŪTA TILVYTIENĖ

STUDENTŲ KŪRYBIŠKUMO UGDYMO(SI) GALIMYBĖS AUKŠTOJO MOKSLO STUDIJOSE: TEORINIS IR PRAKTINIS ASPEKTAI

DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENT CREATIVITY: THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS

 

13-31 psl.

 

KRISTINA SAMAŠONOK

STUDENTŲ VERSLUMO UGDYMAS(IS) AUKŠTOJO MOKSLO STUDIJOSE: GALIMYBĖS IR SUNKUMAI

DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENT ENTREPRENEURSHIP: OPPORTUNITIES AND PROBLEMS

 

32-44 psl.

 

 

IDENTIFICATION OF THE ASYMMETRY OF COMPETENCES OF SPECIALISTS WORKING IN THE FIELDS OF CULTURAL TOURISM: STUDY REPORT

REMIGIJUS KINDERIS, HELEN SOOVÄLI-SEPPING, INESE LŪSĒNA – EZERA

The research report analyses the concept of competence, distinguishes its main elements and significance for companies and employees. The empirical part presents the results of research on the asymmetry of competences of employees in the field of cultural tourism in the following groups of competences: functional, managerial, social, cognitive and personal. At the end of the research report, conclusions and recommendations for improving competencies are presented.

 

DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENT ENTREPRENEURSHIP: OPPORTUNITIES AND PROBLEMS

KRISTINA SAMAŠONOK

Entrepreneurship is one of key factors influencing economic growth and having a strong impact on the country's development, the creation of new workplaces and social stability. Recently, in Lithuania and some foreign countries, considerable attention is focused on investigating the entrepreneurship problem. After assessing the relevance of the theme analysed, problematic questions emerged: Which factors affect the readiness of young specialists to create the business? What are major techniques for the business creation?  What are the problems of the business creation faced by young people? Research objective – on the basis of the research findings, to identify the factors impacting the business creation with regard to the following criteria: the assessment of the study process organization aimed at training the specialists who are ready to create the business considering the responses of the research participants; the expression of skills, abilities and personality traits of a business person in the business creation process; to find out the attitude of the research participants towards the business creation fostering techniques and identify key problems faced by young persons willing to create the business. Using qualitative method the students of Lithuanian higher education institutions were questioned. The number of research participants is 384, 188 of whom (49 percent) were males and 196 (51 percent) – females. The research methods: Analysis of scientific literature. Quantitative method. The questionnaire was used to identify the attitude of the research participants towards entrepreneurial skills, abilities and personality traits, as well as their manifestation in the preparatory stage of the business creation, and to assess the factors affecting the business creation considering the responses of the research participants. Statistical analysis methods were used to process the obtained research data. Statistical data analysis was carried out using SPSS version 17. The article analyses the factors, influencing the young specialist training for the business creation, discusses the main business creation fostering techniques and highlights the problems faced by young people. It was found out that a major part of the research participants related entrepreneurship to creativity, seeking innovation, readiness to risk and the ability the to plan and manage projects in order to pursue fixed goals. The research results show that activeness, communicability, diligence, responsibility, initiative, creativity, perseverance and a high level of motivation, as well as the ability to create and develop business and take appropriate solutions are the traits assessed by the highest indicators and considered as key traits of a business person. Considering the assessment indicators of the research participants, it was found out that the entrepreneurship in higher school learners could be fostered by carrying out practices in business enterprises, cooperating with experienced entrepreneurs, participating in seminars and practicals of highly qualified teachers. The research results showed that trainings, seminars, competitions related to business, financial/monetary support, motivation, sharing success stories, experiences of professional entrepreneurs, participation in various projects and information dissemination on entrepreneurship are key entrepreneurship creation fostering techniques. It was found out that major difficulties emerging in creating the business are these: the lack of motivation and self-confidence, the fear of risk, passiveness, the lack of ideas, boldness, knowledge and skills.  According to the research participants, young people who want to establish the business face financial difficulties and they lack the initial capital and funding; young people need to have kind of a starting point and guidance of experienced entrepreneurs.

 

DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENT CREATIVITY: THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS

KRISTINA SAMAŠONOK, RŪTA TILVYTIENĖ

The ability to think creatively and find creative solutions is becoming much more important in the current workplace environment. It improves innovation, flexibility, allows the person to quickly adjust to changes, creating better career opportunities. Thus, the development of creativity, by creating a good environment and using various teaching methods that would foster curiosity, help to keep the student interested and encourage the person to think “outside-the-box” while making decisions and seeking solutions is becoming of the most important goals in the study process.

The goal of the study is to examine how the students in Lithuanian higher-education system view the teaching methods and the environment in the development of creativity. Using a qualitative method, the students of Lithuanian higher education institutions were questioned. Afterwards using statistical method analyses based on the responses were conducted on:  the student environment and the methods used in higher education in the development and expression of creativity; the effectiveness of the methods used in the study process. The data was compared based on the gender of the respondents.

The results show that lectures, exercises, seminars and individual projects are the methods most widely used by lecturers during courses. The most rarely used methods are: sentence finishing, role-playing games, mind map, round-table discussion, problem based learning and reflection.

As the results of the study show, lecturers encourage students to be involved in the planning and organization of various activities, in sharing experience and problem solving solutions. Furthermore, the students are often asked to evaluate and share their opinions about the courses. Based on the majority of the responses, a large number of the courses still follow traditional methods and create a traditional environment.

The study found out that: creative assignments, discussions, projects, and case and situation analysis are highest rated teaching methods. Based on the opinion of the respondents (regardless of gender), these methods are the ones that stimulate creativity the most. The methods rated by female students much higher than male, as encouraging creativity are: presentation, role-playing and individual projects. On the other hand, the methods rated by both genders as the ones that encourage creativity the least are: sentence finishing, listening to audio recordings, and regular lectures.

The respondents also identified other methods that would be beneficial in cultivating the creativity of students, namely: motivating creatively thinking students, support and understanding after experiencing failure, respect for autonomous learning, acceptance and respect for various opinions, informal communication and cooperation between students and educators, the opportunity to freely experiment and make mistakes without being ridiculed, and the creation of a untraditional study environment. On the other hand, the traditional learning environment was identified by the respondents as the least effective in the development of student creativity.

Calendar News
August 2021
M T W T F S S
« Mar    
 1
2345678
9101112131415
16171819202122
23242526272829
3031